The 2016 Census public use microdata file (PUMF) on households contains 140,720 private households with a total of 343,330 individual records, representing 1% of the population in private households in private occupied dwellings in Canada. These records were drawn from a sample of one quarter of the Canadian population (sample data from questionnaire 2A-L). The 2016 PUMF contains 95 variables. Of these, 81 variables, or 85%, come from the individual universe and 14 variables, or 15%, are drawn from the family, household and dwelling universes. In addition, the file contains four unique record identifiers (ID), an individual weighting factor and 16 replicate weights for the purpose of estimating sampling variability. The file does not include people living in institutions; Canadian citizens living temporarily in other countries; full- time members of the Canadian Forces stationed outside Canada; persons living in institutional collective dwellings such as hospitals, nursing homes and penitentiaries; and persons living in non-institutional collective dwellings such as work camps, hotels and motels, and student residences.